Grace expects Greinke trade to have emotional impact Oh, and hold onto those easy interceptions. 2:00 left in second quarterFacing a 3rd and long, Keenum’s pass bounces off a wide open Karlos Dansby’s hands and goes right to DeAndre Hopkins for a gain of 22. Instead of a turnover or, at worst, a punt, the Texans instead have the ball at the 26 with a fresh set of downs. 2:11 left in fourth quarterFacing a 3rd and 7 Palmer hits Ellington for a great six-yard play. Sadly, that would be a yard short and leave the Cardinals with an interesting decision to make.Bruce Arians is challenging the spot of the ball. If successful, the first down would be HUGE. If not, do you go for it on 4th and 1 from the your own 47? Probably can’t, not with a three point lead. 3:28 left in second quarterPenalties and poor offensive line play kill the drive. Zastudil’s punt bounces out of bounds at the Houston 1 or so. What. A. Punt. 12:43 left in first quarterCardinals force a three and out on Houston’s next possession, and Patrick Peterson gets little on the punt return. Cardinals will start from their own 13.Offense has been spotted a 7-0 cushion. Not exactly what the Cardinals wanted — and where is Ellington, by the way? — but could be worse. 5:17 left in second quarterAndre Ellington takes a delayed handoff and picks up a big 23 yards for the Cardinals. Now at their own 41, this is a big drive for them. 4:34 left in fourth quarterIt is indeed a catch, and this ballgame ain’t over. Turnovers, they’ll kill ya.And so will Andre Johnson. 10:47 left in first quarterOffense does nothing and Carson Palmer throws his first near-pick of the game. Punt leaves the Texans on their own 49. 13:34 left in third quarterNo, it did not. Cards go three and out. Oops. :37 left in second quarterWrong.A false start got things off on the wrong foot, an incomplete pass happened, and then Palmer was strip/sacked by J.J. Watt, who recovered the fumble. On the bright side, Palmer just got credited with a tackle. So there’s that.Texans have it at the Arizona 22. 15:00 left in third quarterCards will start at their own 20. Does the momentum from the blocked FG carry over? We’ll see. 6:42 left in fourth quarterPalmer hits Andre Roberts on a nice wheel route for a 19-yard touchdown. It’s Palmer’s second scoring strike of the day, and it has the Cardinals up 27-17. 4:20 left in third quarterDefense does its job and gets the offense the ball back, with good field position, too. Palmer a quick-hitter to Roberts for nine yards, and the Cards are at their own 47. Still 5:55 left in first quarterRefs confirm the ruling on the field, and the PAT means this game is all tied up at 7. 11:30 left in fourth quarterJohn Abraham gets his third sack of the game and Marcus Benard somehow avoids a personal foul with a late hit on the play, and Texans are forced to punt. Cardinals take over at their own 19 with the lead and a chance to maybe put this game away with a touchdown. 9:37 left in second quarterAaaaand that’s exactly what happened. Keenum finds Garrett Graham open in the back of the end zone and we’re all tied up. 6:06 left in third quarterMendenhall gets stuffed on a 3rd and 2 and Arizona’s drive stalls. Jay Feely comes on and converts a 35-yard field goal, and we’re all tied up. 4:37 left in fourth quarterCommence meltdown? Mendenhall gets into a pile of bodies and apparently fumbles the football. Texans recover, and if this stands they’ll have the ball at the Arizona five. 15:00 left in second quarterCards line up for a 3rd and 1 but Eric Winston is called for a false start, so now it’s 3rd and 6. Math. At the Houston 34, so not exactly chip shot FG range, either. Former Cardinals kicker Phil Dawson retires 0 Comments Share End of second quarterDefense holds the Texans to a field goal attempt, which is blocked by Justin Bethel. So, crisis averted. Cards trail 17-14 at the break and will get the ball to start the second half. 15:00 left in fourth quarterTexans will start their drive and the quarter from their own 23. Arizona’s defense has played well, need to keep pressuring Keenum. The running game hasn’t done much for the Texans, so take advantage of their being one-dimensional. 9:30 left in second quarterIllegal block in the back kills a solid return (maybe helped it, though), and Cards take over at their four. 1:25 left in fourth quarterJerraud Powers breaks up a 4th down pass attempt, and this one is all over. Cards can bring out the offense for the victory formation, and the Cards will improve to 5-4 on the season. 3:12 left in first quarterCardinals move it to the Houston 41 before stalling, and Zastudil punts it away. Ball takes a great bounce (planned that way, I’m sure) and is downed at the Houston 1. You’re up, defense. :02 left in third quarterWe don’t always get what we want. Palmer can’t connect with Roberts in the corner of the end zone so Feely comes in and converts a 21-yard field goal. Cards now back on top 20-17, but it could (and maybe should) be a bigger lead. 4:53 left in fourth quarterCardinals force a punt, which Lechler puts at the Arizona five. This game has featured some really excellent punts, and fortunately that’s not the only positive to take away from this one. Otherwise this would be the late-90s Cardinals and that would not be much fun.At any rate, fans are starting to head to the exits. Barring a meltdown, the Cardinals should escape with this one. 8:40 left in second quarterOn second down Palmer tries to hit a well-covered Housler down the field, but D.J. Swearinger picks it off. It’s the fourth interception of the year for the Texans, and they have it at the Arizona 45. Derrick Hall satisfied with D-backs’ buying and selling 13:57 left in second quarterRob Housler has found the end zone! The third-year TE took a screen pass in for a 12-yard touchdown, the first of his career. He celebrated by lifting an imaginary monkey off of his back. The 5: Takeaways from the Coyotes’ introduction of Alex Meruelo Game overCardinals hang on for a 27-24 victory and you know they’ll take it. Playoff hopes stay alive with the win. Time to head downstairs and hear from the team. 6:31 left in second quarterBullock! The Texans get into field goal range and Randy Bullock puts it through from 48 yards out. Texans take their first lead of the game and score off of Arizona’s turnover. 14:09 left in second quarterJake Ballard makes his first catch as a Cardinal, and the TE’s reception brings the ball to the Houston 12. Cards moving the ball with relative ease thus far, important to punch it in. 13:57 left in second quarterKickoff sails into the end zone for a touchback.Announcement in press box is Michael Floyd is questionable to return with a shoulder injury. No need, the team has tight end galore to throw to! 4:34 left in fourth quarterAndre Johnson comes down with what is — for the moment — a ridiculous touchdown catch. The play is under review, and it’s going to be a tough one to overturn. Once again, the fanferees think it’s an incomplete pass, but we’ll see. 5:55 left in first quarterKeenum drives the Texans down the field and appears to hit Andre Johnson in the back corner for a 7-yard touchdown. It is under review, and the fanferees in the stadium don’t think the wideout got his second foot down in time. It was real close, and my guess here is the ruling on the field will stand. Even still 5:55 left in first quarterKickoff sails into the end zone, Cards start at their own 20. 1:25 left in first quarterPeterson returns the punt to the Arizona 42. Offense showed signs of life last drive but, as has been the case much of the season, couldn’t convert on 3rd down.Gotta do better. Top Stories :07 left in third quarterCardinals call timeout facing a 3rd and goal from the three. This drive has featured a season-high 12-yard run from Rashard Mendenhall as well as a ridiculously perfect pass from Palmer to Housler down the seam. It’d be nice to get a TD here. 8:36 left in fourth quarterCardinals get a first down as Housler drags a defender to the marker. Arizona at the Houston 32 and rolling. 14:46 left in first quarterThe opening kickoff was returned to the 15. On Houston’s first play, Case Keenum is stripped of the ball by John Abraham. Matt Shaughnessy picks up the fumble and takes it to the end zone. Tack on the PAT, and it’s 7-0 Cardinals.Tough to start a game any better than that, folks. 2:00 until kickoffThe national anthem has been sung, the giant flag has been put away and the coin has been flipped. The Texans won the toss and have chosen to receive the football. It’s another sellout here at University of Phoenix Stadium, but the stands are not exactly full. At any rate, this is a big game for the Cardinals as they need to knock off a struggling Texans team to advance to 5-4 on the season. Oh yeah, Cards are wearing their alternate black jerseys for the final time this season. 5:26 left in third quarterJohn Abraham gets his second sack of the day (may want to block that guy, Houston), and the Texans take a timeout facing a 2nd and 20 from their own 12. May be up to the defense to win this game, and I think they’re plenty capable. 11:18 left in third quarterCardinals come up big on D — narrowly missing another interception — and force a punt. The offense takes over at the AZ 41, and it’s high time they put another drive together. 9:41 left in second quarterTexans are moving the ball down the field with relative ease, and have it at the Arizona 2. Cardinals call a time out, if only to catch their breath a little bit. It’s second down, does the D have what it takes to make a stand here?Kind of not good when you allow the other team to march right down the field and score after your offense was kind enough to score a touchdown. 2:06 left in fourth quarterCards lose the challenge and send Zastudil out to punt. It’s fair caught at the Houston 28. Here we go. :50 left in second quarterD comes up strong then, and the punt is returned by Peterson to the Arizona 32. Cards have two timeouts left so may as well see if they can do something here. Right? 4:31 left in fourth quarterSo here we are. The Cardinals will take over at their own 18 with the game still very much in doubt. Points would be huge, but they need to at least pick up some first downs and flip the field. A three-and-out won’t work here. Looks like Ellington is the RB, by the way.
US broadcast group Sinclair has confirmed the acquisition of 21 Regional Sports Networks (RSNs) and Fox College Sports from Disney in a deal worth US$10.6 billion (€9.6 billion).This portfolio represents the largest collection of RSNs in the US marketplace, and has an extensive footprint which consists of exclusive local rights to 42 professional teams consisting of 14 Major League Baseball (MLB) teams, 16 National Basketball Association (NBA) teams, and 12 National Hockey League (NHL) teams. This is added to Sinclair’s existing sports business which includes Marquee Sports Network (a recently announced joint venture with the Chicago Cubs), Tennis Channel and Tennis Media Company (dedicated to live tennis events and tennis lifestyle), and Ring of Honor Wrestling.“This is a very exciting transaction for Sinclair to be able to acquire highly complementary assets,” commented Chris Ripley, president and CEO of Sinclair. “While consumer viewing habits have shifted, the tradition of watching live sports and news remains ingrained in our culture. As one of the largest local news producers in the country and an experienced producer of sports content, we are ideally positioned to transfer our skills to deliver and expand our focus on greater premium sports programming.”Christine McCarthy, senior executive vice president and chief financial officer at the Walt Disney Company added: “We are pleased to have reached this agreement with Sinclair for the sale of these 21 RSNs, subject to the conditions of the consent decree with the US Department of Justice.”The other Fox-owned RSN, the YES Network, was sold back to the New York Yankees by Disney in March for US$3.5 billion (€3.13 billion). Disney had previously announced its intention to divest 22 Fox-owned RSNs in order to end the US Department of Justice Antitrust Division’s investigation into its acquisition of 21st Century Fox.
By Doug Hornig, Senior Editor“Flow.”Although it can be annoyingly difficult to define with any precision and virtually impossible to measure objectively, everyone intuitively knows what it is, and most people have experienced some form of it at one time or another. It’s that state of effortless concentration that leads to superior performance, either mental or physical. Everything superfluous to the task at hand is shut out of the mind. At the highest level, Michael Jordan sees a basketball hoop that’s four feet wide and cannot be missed; Einstein is able to conjure the complete structure of the universe inside his head.Attempts to find the flow are not new. For most of human existence, it has had crucial survival value. The hunter who could envision what the prey would do next was a successful hunter. And when the tables were turned, the ability to avoid, outwit, or win a battle with larger predators meant living for another day and keeping the evolutionary line intact.Finding the flow through repetition is not easy. It takes time, energy, and commitment. Researchers at Florida State University say that it normally requires 10,000 hours of practice to become expert at anything. In our early hunter-gatherer days, that kind of rigorous training was mandatory. Today, for the most part, it’s optional. Some are willing to put in the time, depending on the goal. Others are not.So, for probably as long as humans have been thinking beings, they’ve not only trained themselves to naturally be in the flow, they’ve also been on the lookout for shortcuts.Traditionally, this quest has included the ingestion of stimulants. We can’t be sure of exactly what prehistoric people did, although if they stumbled upon something that gave them higher clarity of mind, they undoubtedly used it. (At least one theorist has postulated that the modern brain is the result of human interaction with psychoactive mushrooms native to Africa.)Historically, we know that marijuana has been consumed for at least three thousand years and coca leaf chewed for the past two millennia or so, but caffeinated stimulants are of course the most widespread today. The history of coffee extends back to at least the twelfth century, and tea was discovered in 2737 B.C., at least according to legend. More recently, Coca Cola hit the street in the late 19th century and it has endured, even though the original formula was altered to replace the cocaine with caffeine in 1903.The ferocity with which people crave stimulants is obvious every time one enters a convenience store and is confronted with a mind-boggling variety of products from which to choose… not to mention that those hoping to grab a piece of the flow can also dial up an array of prescription drugs like Adderall, or go to the black market in search of cocaine powder, rocks of crack, or crystal methamphetamine.All cater to the same desire, and anyone who bothers to think it through has to realize that the War on Drugs can never be won. It’s a war on human nature.But what if there were another way to access the flow – one that didn’t involve swallowing, smoking, or injecting anything… one that had no dangerous (or even merely unpleasant) side effects. What if you could hone a skill in a fraction of the time it would normally take? What if, for example, whenever I sat down to write the Technology Investor, the words just spilled out onto the screen, the way they sometimes (but not often) do?What if the mind-state attained by world-class athletes and brilliant physicists – the flow – were available to everyone, at minimal cost and without breaking any law? Would people go for it?We’re about to find out. The hottest new topic in brain research these days involves a technique called “transcranial direct current stimulation,” or tDCS for short.The setup couldn’t be simpler: Clamp a set of electrodes to the head, pass a miniscule direct electric current (2 milliamperes or less) through the brain for 20-30 minutes, and presto, instant immersion in the flow state. The whole thing can be run off of a common nine-volt battery.So far, much of the lab work on tDCS has been done by or for the military, which has an obvious interest in reducing the time it takes for soldiers to acquire certain skillsets. Researchers have found that they can more than double the rate at which subjects learn a wide range of tasks, such as object recognition, math skills, and marksmanship. Thus, unsurprisingly, one DARPA program has been using the technique to cut the time it takes to train snipers in half.What’s it like to quite literally put on a “thinking cap?” A handful of journalists have submitted themselves to the electrodes and written up their experiences. What stands out are a couple of things. First, time compression. The twenty minutes goes by without the awareness of that amount of time passing. More important, there is a suppression of the crosstalk with which our brains are normally occupied. The subject is able to focus totally on the task at hand.Journalist Sally Adee submitted to the procedure as part of a course in advanced marksmanship, at which she was admittedly terrible. But then they turned on the current and, as she wrote in Better Living Through Electrochemistry:The 20 minutes I spent hitting targets while electricity coursed through my brain were far from transcendent. I only remember feeling like I had just had an excellent cup of coffee, but without the caffeine jitters. I felt clear-headed and like myself, just sharper. Calmer. Without fear and without doubt. From there on, I just spent the time waiting for a problem to appear so that I could solve it. ….Relieved of the minefield of self-doubt that constitutes my basic personality, I was a hell of a shot.The flow state lasted beyond the session, “gradually diminishing over a period of about three days,” and causing her to confess that “the thing I wanted most acutely for the weeks following my experience was to go back and strap on those electrodes.”How does tDCS work? No one’s really sure, and any technical discussion is beyond the scope of this article. But if you’re interested in exploring the science, Zap Your Brain into the Zone is a good starting point.Why isn’t everyone running out and buying one of these things? Probably only because they’re too new, few have even heard of them yet, and they’re hard to find. There’s also cost. Typically, they run between $500-600, and at the moment suppliers are generally selling only to research institutions. Professional supervision is highly recommended, and private parties at least need a doctor’s prescription.All that could be about to change, as entrepreneurs see a mass market that awaits only ease of ordering and a better price point. Already, some tech geeks have published plans on the Internet for a DIY model – an unacceptably risky way to go in our opinion, and one we do not endorse. For one thing, long-term effects are as yet unknown. For another, if you screw up and accidentally send more current through your brain than it can handle, you could fry some important circuits. Additionally, care must be taken not to detach electrodes before the current is switched off, or else temporary blindness is one possible result. (You can’t jump up to answer the phone in the middle of a session.)Still, home units are on the way. A small startup company is planning to offer tDCS kits soon for about $99. One of the big medical supply houses cannot be far behind.Does this mean that one day Kindles will come with electrodes attached, so that users can read in a heightened state of neuronal awareness? Might we be riding the subway with tDCS caps on our heads and nine-volt batteries in our pockets, so that we can practice our Mandarin during rush hour? Well, could be. But how this all plays out depends on a number of interacting factors.First of all, of course, it must be determined that tDCS is actually safe, which means that the FDA is likely to become involved pretty soon. That means at least some government regulation, and perhaps a lot. A number of predictable objections will be raised, too. Some people will probably claim that this is unwarranted tinkering with the human psyche. Some will warn that tDCS will only serve to further divide society between the haves and have nots. Some will maintain that students taking tests with thinking caps will have an unfair advantage over those who don’t have them – which may well be true. And so on. (For a more in-depth discussion of ethical considerations, see The Neuroethics of Non-Invasive Brain Stimulation in Current Biology.)Look for government to be divided on private citizens’ access to this technology. There will be those who want to lump tDCS units in with illegal stimulants and simply ban them; there will be those who prefer to let the market decide; and there will surely be those who see the devices as very important for national productivity and want to subsidize them, in very much the way they now subsidize education. We’re already at the point where schools strive for computer access for every pupil. Why not universal access to tDCS, too?Whatever the case, if these early, positive results for tDCS are confirmed, we’re on the verge of a truly extraordinary advance in the field of cognitive enhancement. It’s going to be a lot of fun to watch where it all goes from here. And personally, I can’t wait to find some flow for myself. Bits & BytesAmazonian Robots (TIME)This past Monday, Amazon announced that it was acquiring Kiva Systems for $775 million. Kiva makes robotic systems designed for warehouses, so for one of the country’s biggest warehousers, the deal must have been a no-brainer. This article on the subject has a link to a pretty cool video showing the Kiva robots at work. Also of interest is this question: does the acquisition give Amazon power over other companies that currently use Kiva systems? Staples is one, for example. Will Amazon now have the right to deny tech support to Staples, if it so wishes? Hmmm…Tweets Turn Six (Twitter)Twitter celebrated its sixth birthday yesterday, and it celebrated by releasing a few stats. The service, which many deemed silly at its launch, now sees close to 500,000 accounts created every day. And Twitter users now send more than 140 million Tweets a day, which adds up to a billion Tweets every eight days.Never Be Out of Touch (The Kansas City Star)Somewhere, there must exist a repository called “Things We Don’t Need But Are Invented Anyway.” Wherever it is, we suggest that a new patent application by Nokia immediately be dropped into it. The company, it seems, has filed a patent for a tattoo that would send “a perceivable impulse” to your skin whenever someone tries to contact you on the phone. ‘Nuff said.The Universal Translator (Technology Review)Star Trek‘s universal translator is on the way. Microsoft has unveiled new software that translates a speaker’s words into another language and then makes it audible in the speaker’s own voice. Before long, a must-have travel accessory will be a portable unit that incorporates this software, allowing the traveler at last to carry on conversations with people whose language he or she doesn’t speak.Jungle Trippin’ (Los Angeles Times)Finally, there’s news about that watery thing with the same name as the giant online retailer. If you’ve always yearned to take an Amazon River trip but without the heat and mosquitoes, now you can. Google has taken Street View down the river, or at least a small part of it. Explore from the comfort of your favorite chair.
Disabled people have spoken of their horror, shock and anger at learning of the vote to leave the European Union in last week’s referendum.Although many disabled people voted for Brexit, the vast majority of leading disabled activists were strongly in favour of remaining in the European Union.One disabled campaigner, who asked not to be named, said: “I think the majority of disability rights campaigners are in or recovering from shock.“There was a very strong campaign showing the benefits of EU membership to disability rights, but now that we have left the EU we know very little about what will happen next.“It feels like the carpet has been pulled out from underneath us and we’re not sure whether the bare boards we’re now looking at are stable.”In a blog for Disability Now, John Evans, one of the founders of the UK independent living movement, said the day of the referendum would “go down as the blackest day in the modern history for disabled people in the UK and for our human rights”.He said he was “dismayed, horrified and heartbroken about the consequences facing us and it is hard knowing which way to turn”.Miro Griffiths (pictured), a former project officer for the European Network on Independent Living (ENIL) and now a lecturer, researcher and teacher, said the vote meant that the connection between disabled people in the UK, their European supporters, policies “that reflect the aspirations of the independent living movement”, and “decision makers that would collaborate with us” had been “severely damaged – possibly beyond repair”.He said: “Disabled people in the UK will become further marginalised as the state begins to dismantle social justice frameworks and destroy the support systems that – currently – do not meet the needs of those who require them.“The most startling factor to consider is that the majority of those who voted unwittingly accepted this.”But Rick Burgess, of Manchester Disabled People Against Cuts, said: “I think it’s important not to let the fear and panic the media and politicians are spreading distract us from the fight that is the same today as it was before: to reclaim and reinforce our human rights.“That struggle is probably going to be harder now, so we have to both increase our resolve and to make sure we look after one another.“Our advantage is we have been fighting for many years already, we are seasoned and experienced survivors, we are ahead of many non-disabled people who are only now just waking up to the threat from the far right.”The disabled crossbench peer Lord Low told fellow members of the House of Lords that there was a strong case for a second referendum, as called for in a petition on parliament’s website that by last night (Wednesday) had secured more than four million signatures.He said he believed the “leave” campaign had won the vote on what was “an essentially fraudulent prospectus”.He said: “They said that we could continue to trade with the EU on very similar terms without having to accept freedom of movement.“They said that there would be no adverse economic consequences, but we are already beginning to see them.“They made completely unrealistic promises as to what could be done with the resources saved from our EU contribution, and, most glaringly of all, with breath-taking cynicism and within hours of victory they were maintaining that they never said that Brexit would enable them to reduce the level of immigration.”The referendum result drew immediate support for disabled people in the UK from the two main Europe-wide disabled people’s organisations, the European Disability Forum (EDF) and ENIL.ENIL said it felt “sadness, disbelief and dejection” at the vote, emotions which it said were shared with the UK independent living and disability rights movements.It said: “We are deeply concerned about the prospect of disabled people in Britain being worse off and hit by further cuts.“Although discrimination and inequality affect many disabled people throughout Europe, there are numerous EU initiatives that have had a positive impact on our lives and have created a stronger legal basis to protect our rights.”It said it would “not leave our British disabled brothers and sisters behind and will do everything in our power to support them in their fight for independent living”.It added: “ENIL respects the democratic right of the British people to decide on their EU membership.“However, we are adamant that a strong human rights agenda throughout Europe is better achieved together.“ENIL will continue and intensify its collaboration with disabled people in the UK.”EDF said it accepted the result of the referendum with “regret”, and also promised to continue to work with disabled people’s organisations in the UK.Yannis Vardakastanis, EDF’s president, said: “EDF will continue to promote unity and solidarity within the disability movement all across Europe and will work very decisively on our common values against Euroscepticism, xenophobia, racism and all kinds of discrimination.“From this, we won’t exclude any people with disabilities or their organisations because of political choices.“We will collaborate with all organisations of persons with disabilities in Europe, including the UK, to ensure that Europe does not lose sight of the importance of human rights of all of its people: women, men, children, older people, persons with disabilities and people on the move across Europe and on our borders.”
DESPITE leading by 10 points at the break the Saints contrived to concede 17 unanswered points in the second period against Wigan to end up on the losing side and a definite second place in the table, writes Graham Henthorne.For twenty five minutes all was going smoothly as the Saints stormed into a 16 point lead with some fine attacking play coupled with ferocious defence, notably from the French assassin Levy Nzoungou.The Saints were out of the blocks quickest forcing the first error of the game in the visitor’s 40 metre area. From the resultant free play smart offloading worked an overlap down the right and intelligent play from first Ricky Bailey and then Jake Spedding committed their defenders to give Dave Eccleston space to work. The winger took the ball inside before twisting out of the clutches of the defence for the try.His second minutes later came as a result of a great high bomb from Danny Richardson. The ball was left to bounce and then tipped to the Saints as the full back was put under pressure from the kick chase. Phil Atherton was stopped short before the ball was moved right where Bailey’s miss pass put Eccleston into acres of space for the score.On quarter time the winger turned into try saver as his last ditch tackle put his opposite number into touch in the act of touching down.The Saints were playing with confidence exhibited no better than by Atherton’s drive and offload down the middle. The ball was picked up and taken on a mazy weaving run by Bailey bamboozling the defence before he gave it wide for Regan Grace to stroll over in the corner.The tide was starting to turn, however, as the Saints started to lose the penalty count and possession stats. The visitors turned this to their advantage scoring on the half hour. Crucially as it turned out Morgan Knowles was hurt in the act of trying to stop the try and was ruled out for the rest of the game with concussion.With him goes a relentless 80 minute talisman and left the Saints with only four substitutes for the whole of the second period.The game was won and lost in the opening ten minutes of the second half. The Saints were down in the visitors red zone three or four times but didn’t manage one repeat set. When they did manage to break the defensive line with an Olly Davies run he tried to take the full back on instead of waiting for the figure of Jake Spedding who was steaming up in support.Fatigue then started to play its part and the error count increased.In the end the Saints just couldn’t hang on conceding three tries, the last one on the final whistle, to go down to a disappointing defeat.Sixteen points to the good at home and you should win. The visitors gave the Saints a harsh lesson in how to manage your resources and a game to come out on top.You couldn’t fault anyone’s effort, typified by the work of Ricky Bailey and the big minutes played by Levy Nzoungou, but you could ask for many to be a lot smarter in what they tried to do.Match Summary:Saints U19s:Tries: David Eccleston (8, 12), Regan Grace (26).Goals: Danny Richardson 2.Wigan U19s:Tries: Jake Shorrocks (32), Jack Higginson (55, 65), Liam Forsyth (80).Goals: Jake Shorrocks 3.Drop Goals: Jake Shorrocks (78).Half Time: 16-6Full Time: 16-23Teams:Saints:1. Ricky Bailey; 2. David Eccleston, 3. Jake Spedding, 4. Matty Fleming, 5. Regan Grace; 6. Danny Richardson, 7. Rob Fairclough; 8. Phil Atherton, 9. Josh Eaves, 10. Levy Nzoungou, 11. Olly Davies, 13. Morgan Knowles, 21. Joe Ryan. Subs: 12. Liam Cooper, 15. Matty Lees, 20. Jonah Cunningham, 23. Ross McCauley.Wigan:1. Gabriel Fell; 2. Liam Marshall, 3. Liam Parsley, 4. Liam Forsyth, 5. Jack Higginson; 6. Jake Shorrocks, 7. Lewis Heckford; 8. Kieran Sharrett, 9. Luke Waterworth, 10. Jack Wells, 11. MacCauley Davies, 12. Nick Gregson, 13. Kyle Shelford. Subs: 16. Callum Field, 17. Brad Lawrence, 18. Josh Ganson, 19. Paddy Jone.
Marijuana Editor in Chief of Green Entrepreneur June 7, 2018 Next Article –shares More American voters support marijuana legalization than ever before, according to a new poll released by Quinnipiac University. When asked if “the use of marijuana should be made legal in the U.S.,” American voters said 63 – 33 percent that it should. This is the highest level of support for legalized marijuana ever recorded in a Quinnipiac national poll.”From a stigmatized, dangerous drug bought in the shadows, to an accepted treatment for various ills, to a widely accepted recreational outlet, marijuana has made it to the mainstream,” said Tim Malloy, assistant director of the Quinnipiac University Poll.Related: Polls Find Voters In Pennsylvania, New Jersey Support Legal MarijuanaSome other findings from the poll: Medical Marijuana For the WinNinety-four percent of voters are in favor of allowing patients to use medical marijuana if their doctors prescribe it. This is also the highest level of support in any national poll by the independent Quinnipiac University. Marijuana Is Not a Gateway DrugAmerican voters told pollsters 61 – 31 percent that they believe marijuana does not lead to other addictive drugs. Marijuana Shouldn’t Be Federally OpposedSeventy percent said they are against the enforcement of federal laws against marijuana in states that have legalized medical or recreational marijuana. In fact, voters support 74 – 20 percent a bill protecting states with legal medical or recreational marijuana from federal prosecution. Related: 5 Routes the Cannabis Industry Could Take to Get Around Federal Banking Restrictions Men Use Marijuana MoreAccording to the poll, 43 percent of American voters say they have used recreational marijuana, including 54 percent of men. Only 33 percent of women say they use marijuana.Related: A New High: Nearly Half of All American Adults Have Tried Marijuana Marijuana Shouldn’t Be Schedule 1Voters support 76 – 18 percent reducing the classification of marijuana as a Schedule 1 drug, which is the same classification as heroin.Related: What Is Schedule I and Why Is Marijuana on the List, Anyway? 2 min read Image credit: serdjophoto | Getty Images According to a new poll, marijuana’s acceptance is at an all-time high. Get 1 Year of Green Entrepreneur for $19.99 Subscribe Now Jonathan Small Add to Queue Marijuana Goes Mainstream: 63 Percent of American Voters Say It Should Be Legal Green Entrepreneur provides how-to guides, ideas and expert insights for entrepreneurs looking to start and grow a cannabis business. Entrepreneur Staff
Alan JacobsonAlteryxAlteryx-commissioned IDCData Science and AnalyticsMarketing TechnologyNews Previous ArticleNativeX Opens Brazil Office to Spearhead the Growth of Its Latam BusinessNext ArticleIo-Tahoe Integrates with OneTrust and Joins Data Discovery Partner Program Global Study Commissioned by Alteryx Exposes Need for Data Literacy, Streamlined Processes as Businesses Turn to Data for Digital Transformation Alteryx, Inc., revolutionizing business through data science and analytics, today revealed that approximately 54 million data workers around the world face common challenges associated with the complexity, diversity and scale of their organizations’ data. In an increasingly data-driven world, the term “data worker” spans beyond the 54 million identified in this study, but the findings are indicative of the challenges specific to those engaging in significant data work in their day-to-day jobs. The Alteryx-commissioned IDC Infobrief, The State of Data Science and Analytics, uncovered inefficiencies, ineffectiveness and wasted time as many organizations turn to data as the lifeblood of their digital transformation.Eighty percent of organizations now leverage data across multiple organizational processes, but despite increases in innovation, data workers still waste 44 percent of their time each week because they are unsuccessful in their activities. Data workers spend more than 40 percent of their time searching for and preparing data instead of gleaning insights and, on average, use four to seven different tools to perform data activities, adding to the complexity of the data and analytics process. Among other key findings:On average, data workers leverage more than six data sources, 40 million rows of data and seven different outputs along their analytic journey.The top frustrations cited by data workers in the survey are indicative of root causes that are responsible for inefficiencies and ineffectiveness. For example, more than 30 percent of data workers say they spend too much time in data preparation, a task that can often be automated.Eighty-eight percent of data workers, approximately 47 million people worldwide, use spreadsheets in their data activities. Spreadsheet functions are often used as a proxy for data preparation, analytics and data application development tools but are error-prone and expose the organization to compliance and trust issues.Marketing Technology News: How Digital Can Save Brick-And-Mortar Retail with Customer Experience Objectives“Data is at the core of digital transformation, but until organization leaders address these inefficiencies to improve effectiveness, their digital transformation initiatives can only get so far,” said Stewart Bond, director of data integration and integrity software research at IDC. “Consolidating platforms and looking for tools that address the needs of any data worker, whether a trained data scientist or an analyst in the line of business, can help reduce the friction that many organizations experience on their path to becoming data-driven.”The survey found that data workers are unsuccessful for a variety of reasons, including lack of collaboration, knowledge gaps and resistance to change. Participants reported the lack of creative and analytic thinking, analytic and statistical skills, and data preparation skills as the highest-ranked skills gaps responsible for productivity issues, indicative of the pervasive talent gap that exists between data scientists and data workers in the line of business. To overcome these issues and more, many organizations are hiring Chief Data and/or Analytics Officers to streamline analytic processes, build a culture of analytics and encourage data literacy across the enterprise as part of their broader digital transformation strategy.Marketing Technology News: revital U International Unveils New Sales App with VERB’s Interactive Video Features“Collecting data alone won’t digitally transform a business and the answer is not as easy as hiring a leader, a few data scientists or over-investing in disparate technologies. The key is to empower all users, many of whom are currently stuck in spreadsheets, to analyze data effectively to drive real, business-changing results,” said Alan Jacobson, chief data and analytics officer (CDAO) of Alteryx. “As the data landscape becomes more complex, this survey exposes the tip of the iceberg when it comes to the sheer volume of workers needing to conduct analysis on a daily basis and the untapped potential for them to drive meaningful business impact.”The State of Data Science and Analytics is based on a comprehensive survey of more than 800 individuals performing data functions across geographies, industries, company sizes and departments.Marketing Technology News: Spectrum Equity Announces Sale of Ethoca to Mastercard Tens of Millions of Data Workers Face Inefficiencies as Data Complexity Grows Worldwide PRNewswireMay 24, 2019, 1:08 pmMay 24, 2019
Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Dec 14 2018Most teens get stressed out by their families from time to time, but whether they bottle those emotions up or put a positive spin on things may affect certain processes in the body, including blood pressure and how immune cells respond to bacterial invaders, according to Penn State researchers.The researchers explored whether the strategies adolescents used to deal with chronic family stress affected various metabolic and immune processes in the body. Strategies could include cognitive reappraisal — trying to think of the stressor in a more positive way — and suppression, or inhibiting the expression of emotions in reaction to a stressor.The team found that when faced with greater chronic family stress, teens who used cognitive reappraisal had better metabolic measures, like blood pressure and waist-to-hip ratio. Teens who were more likely to use suppression tended to have more inflammation when their immune cells were exposed to a bacterial stimulus in the lab, even in the presence of anti-inflammatory signals.Hannah Schreier, assistant professor of biobehavioral health at Penn State, said the results suggest that the coping skills teens develop by the time they are adolescents have the potential to impact their health later in life.”These changes are not something that will detrimentally impact anyone’s health within a week or two, but that over years or decades could make a difference,” Schreier said. “That may be how small changes in metabolic or inflammatory outcomes may become associated with poorer health or a greater chance of developing a chronic disease later in life.”Emily Jones, graduate student in biobehavioral health at Penn State, said the results — recently published in Psychosomatic Medicine — help therapists and counselors better work with children and adolescents who live in stressful environments.”Exposure to chronic stress doesn’t always lead to poorer health outcomes, in part because of differences among people,” Jones said. “As our study findings suggest, there may be ways to help someone be more resilient in the face of stress by encouraging certain emotion regulation strategies. For children in stressful living situations, we can’t always stop the stressors from happening, but we may be able to help youth deal with that stress.”Although previous research has linked chronic stress during childhood with such conditions as depression, autoimmune disorders and cardiovascular disease, the researchers said less is known about why some people under chronic stress develop these conditions while others do not. While it was thought that emotional regulation may play a role, the researchers were not sure exactly how.Related StoriesUTHealth researchers investigate how to reduce stress-driven alcohol useTransobturator sling surgery shows promise for stress urinary incontinenceNew ACC/AHA guidelines could improve detection of gestational hypertensionTo better explore how different ways of regulating emotions can affect different aspects of physical health, the researchers gathered data from 261 adolescents between the ages of 13 and 16 years.The researchers interviewed the participants about the relationships and chronic stress within their families, as well as measured the participants’ waist-to-hip ratios and blood pressure. The adolescents also completed questionnaires about how they regulated their emotions.To measure immune function, the researchers took blood samples from each participant and exposed the blood to a bacterial stimulus — both with and without the anti-inflammatory substance hydrocortisone — to see how the immune cells would respond.The researchers found that under conditions of greater chronic family stress, the immune cells of adolescents who were more likely to use suppression also tended to produce more pro-inflammatory cytokines, molecules that signal to other cells that there is a threat present and that the body’s immune system needs to kick into gear.The cells of these teens produced more cytokines even in the presence of hydrocortisone, an anti-inflammatory substance that usually tells the body to slow down on producing cytokines.”Cytokines are like messengers that communicate to the rest of the body that added support is needed,” Jones said. “So when you have a high level of these pro-inflammatory cytokines, even in the presence of anti-inflammatory messages from cortisol, it may suggest that your body is mounting an excessive inflammatory response, more so than necessary. It suggests that the immune system may not be functioning as it should be.”Meanwhile, the researchers found that adolescents who tended to use cognitive reappraisal while under more family stress had smaller waist-to-hip ratios — a measurement used as an indicator of health and chronic disease risk — and lower blood pressure.”While we would have to follow up with more studies, the results could lend support to the idea that reappraising a situation during times of stress could be beneficial,” Jones said. “For a mild stressor, this could be as simple as reframing a bad situation by thinking about it as a challenge or an opportunity for growth.”The researchers added that opportunities for future studies could include looking at the effects of emotion regulation strategies on these metabolic and immune measures over time to tease apart how the family environment shapes emotion regulation, how emotion regulation may itself influence stress exposure, and how chronic family stress and emotion regulation together can affect chronic disease risk in the long run.Source: https://news.psu.edu/
Source:https://medicine.wustl.edu/news/mice-sleeping-fitfully-provide-clues-to-insomnia/ Reviewed by Kate Anderton, B.Sc. (Editor)Jan 9 2019Genetically engineered mice mimic common sleep problemsMice that sleep fitfully could help researchers unravel the mystery of insomnia.Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis studied mice genetically modified to mimic the genetic disease neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), which is associated with sleep problems. They found that the animals, like some people with NF1, slept in short, irregular spurts. Studying these mice could help identify the molecular and cellular mechanisms that go awry and cause fragmented sleep patterns in people with and without the disease, the researchers said.”The mice are a tool for us to understand how sleep disturbances arise and how sleep disruption contributes to problems with learning and attention,” said David H. Gutmann, MD, PhD, the Donald O. Schnuck Family Professor of Neurology and the study’s senior author. “This could apply both to people with NF1 and others without NF1 who also have sleep problems.”The findings were published Jan. 4 in the Journal of Sleep Research.As many as half of people with NF1 – a condition that causes benign tumors in the brain and on nerves throughout the body – have difficulty falling or staying asleep. Learning disabilities and attention problems also are common in children with NF1, and both may be exacerbated by poor sleep. But doctors don’t know why some children with NF1 develop sleep problems and others don’t, nor can they do much to help them sleep better.”Right now we just treat children and adults with NF1 and sleep problems like we treat patients without NF1 because we don’t understand what causes them,” said Gutmann, who also directs the Neurofibromatosis Center at Washington University.Related StoriesPoor sleep associated with high blood pressureCBT for insomnia delivered via telemedicine is as effective as face-to-face deliveryUnpleasant experiences could be countered with a good night’s REM sleepCo-first author Corina Anastasaki, PhD, an instructor in neurology, bred mice with a mutation in their Nf1 gene similar to what is seen in people with NF1. Then, co-first author Nicholas Rensing and Michael J. Wong, MD, PhD, the Allen P. and Josephine B. Green Professor of Pediatric Neurology, fitted onto the mice miniature versions of the caps people wear for sleep studies, enabling them to measure brain waves and identify sleep patterns.Mice normally sleep during the day and, like people, cycle several times from deep, dreamless sleep to REM sleep – or dreaming – and back again. Mice with an Nf1 mutation, however, tended to wake up soon after they entered deep sleep. The result was a fragmented, and probably not restful, day of sleep.”Throughout the whole night and day, they fell asleep and woke up when they shouldn’t have,” Anastasaki said. “They fell into deep sleep, but they didn’t stay there.”Although the mice were engineered to mimic human NF1 disease, they could yield insights about the biological underpinnings of sleep in general, which could help people with sleep problems unrelated to NF1. About a third of American adults report some degree of insomnia, and 15 percent have chronic insomnia that lasts three months or more.”It is hard to study sleep problems in people because there are so many factors that influence how well you sleep – maybe you’re stressed out, maybe you’re sick, maybe you’re taking care of a new baby,” Gutmann said. “But now we have a controlled system that we can use to start looking at which cells and proteins are involved, and which biological factors influence sleep quality. Only when we understand the problem better will we be able to find better ways to treat it.”
Source:https://dellmed.utexas.edu/news/new-research-identifies-potential-ptsd-treatment-improvement Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Mar 19 2019Researchers may have found a way to improve a common treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) by changing how the brain learns to respond less severely to fearful conditions, according to research published in Journal of Neuroscience.The study by researchers at The University of Texas at Austin Dell Medical School suggests a potential improvement to exposure therapy – the current gold standard for PTSD treatment and anxiety reduction – which helps people gradually approach their trauma-related memories and feelings by confronting those memories in a safe setting, away from actual threat.In a study of 46 healthy adults, researchers compared participants’ emotional reactions to replacing an unpleasant electric shock on the wrist with a surprise neutral tone, instead of simply turning off the shocks. Omitting the feared shocks is the current norm in exposure therapy. The participants’ brain activity was measured by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Their emotional reactions were measured by how much they were sweating from their hands.Related StoriesComplement system shown to remove dead cells in retinitis pigmentosa, contradicting previous researchOlympus launches next-generation X Line objectives for clinical, research applicationsAMSBIO offers new, best-in-class CAR-T cell range for research and immunotherapyCompared with simply turning off the shocks, replacing the feared shocks with a neutral tone was associated with stronger activity in the ventromedial prefrontal cortex – an area critical for learning safety and inhibiting fear. Replacing the feared shock with a simple tone also lowered participants’ emotional reactions to pictures that previously had been associated with the electric shock when participants were tested the next day.”This simple treatment of replacing an expected threat with an innocuous sound resulted in a long-lasting memory of safety, which suggests that the brain may be able to better control its fear response by means of a pretty straightforward, nonpharmaceutical intervention,” says lead study author Joseph Dunsmoor, Ph.D., an assistant professor in the Department of Psychiatry at Dell Medical School.In the study, Dunsmoor’s team randomly divided participants to two groups – those who had the shock turned off and those who had the shock replaced by a neutral tone. Both groups were exposed to a picture of a face paired with an electric shock on the wrist on day one of the study. The groups were then exposed to the pictures with the shock turned off, or with the shock replaced by the surprising tone. Both groups returned the next day to measure brain activity and emotional reactions to the fear-conditioned pictures.The researchers measured participants’ brain activity to the fear-conditioned pictures using fMRI scans. They also measured participants’ emotional responses to the threat of receiving an electric shock based on the amount of sweat recorded from a hand.”It is well known that the brain learns by surprise,” says Dunsmoor. “Our study suggests that replacing expected aversive events with neutral and unexpected events, even a simple tone, is one way to capture attention so that the brain can learn to regulate fear more effectively.”
Calls are mounting for Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies to be regulated, and prices have fluctuated in recent months amid concerns over tightened control Britain urges global regulation of bitcoin Explore further Taiwan police have arrested four men over a bitcoin robbery worth Twd$5 million ($170,000) in what they said was the first case of its kind on the island. Citation: Four arrests over Taiwan’s ‘first’ bitcoin robbery (2018, February 22) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-02-taiwan-bitcoin-robbery.html Bitcoin is a virtual currency created from computer code that allows anonymous transactions and its value has soared since it came into being in 2009.Taiwan police said three men in their early twenties lured a man surnamed Tai to the central city of Taichung, pretending to be interested in buying bitcoins. After Tai showed proof of his bitcoins on his phone, the scammers assaulted him and his friend, then transferred 18 bitcoins worth Tw$5 million from Tai’s account via his phone. The suspects attempted to pass off the heist as a drunken row by forcing the victim to drink Kaoliang, a strong Taiwanese liquor, Taichung city police said in a statement. Police arrived at the scene after receiving a call about a dispute and one man was detained. The other two had fled. “The police saw bloodstains at the scene… after further investigation, it was discovered to be a bitcoin virtual currency robbery,” the statement released Wednesday said. It described the case, which happened earlier this month, as “the first domestic case of bitcoin robbery”. The two other suspects were later arrested, one on the outlying island of Kinmen where he had gone to escape police.The fourth man, surnamed Shih, believed to be the mastermind behind the robbery, was also detained.Britain saw its first Bitcoin armed robbery last month, according to reports, in which a virtual currency trader and his wife were threatened with a gun.Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies are independent of governments and banks and use blockchain technology, where encrypted digital coins are created by supercomputers. But calls are mounting for virtual currencies to be regulated, and prices have fluctuated in recent months amid concerns over tightened control. © 2018 AFP This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
If you are listening to music, chances are you’re on YouTube. Music piracy on increase worldwide: industry group A music consumer report by the industry’s global body IFPI published on Tuesday found that 86 percent of us listen to music through on-demand streaming.And nearly half that time, 47 percent is spent on YouTube.Video as a whole accounted for 52 percent of the time we spent streaming music, posing challenges to such subscription services as Spotify and SoundCloud.But while Spotify’s estimated annual revenue per user was $20 (17.5 euros), YouTube’s was less than a dollar.The London-based IFPI issued a broader overview in April that found digital sales for the first time making up the majority of global revenues thanks to streaming.The report published on Tuesday looked into where and when we listen to music.It found that three in four people globally use smartphones, with the rate among 16 to 24 year olds reaching 94 percent.The highest levels were recorded in India, where 96 percent of consumers used smartphones for music, including 99 percent of young adults.But music does not end when we put away our phones, with 86 percent globally also listening to radio.Copyright infringement was still a big issue, with unlicensed music accounting for 38 percent of what was consumed around the world.”This report also shows the challenges the music community continues to face -– both in the form of the evolving threat of digital copyright infringement as well as in the failure to achieve fair compensation from some user-upload services,” said IFPI chief Frances Moore.The report noted that “96% of consumers in China and 96% in India listen to licensed music”.It did not, however, say how many of those consumers also listened to music that infringed copyrights.Overall, the average consumer spent 2.5 hours a day listening to music, with the largest share of it consumed while driving, the industry report said. Explore further A YouTube;s corporate headquarters in San Bruno, California on April 03, 2018. Gunshots erupted at YouTube’s offices in California Tuesday, sparking a panicked escape by employees and a massive police response, before the shooter—a woman—apparently committed suicide.Police said three people had been hospitalized with gunshot injuries following the shooting in the city of San Bruno, and that a female suspect was found dead at the scene. “We have one subject who is deceased inside the building with a self-inflicted wound,” San Bruno Police Chief Ed Barberini told reporters. “At this time, we believe it to be the shooter.” Citation: YouTube driving global consumption of music (2018, October 9) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-10-youtube-global-consumption-music.html © 2018 AFP This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Duluth was ranked No. cost of living, you will see what God will do in your life, “One of them, Contact us at editors@time. the second-largest commuter railroad in the United States. The statement reads,” “In terms of security.
2 billion in 2014 is the centerpiece in Google’s plan to control the smart homes of the future. The company is devoted to long-term research that may not come to fruition for decades. describing the quadruplets as a miracle from God. The GLTA estimates that out of 11, also houses many luxury apartments and businesses. The group issues this unanimous statement after a meeting in Abuja yesterday. which controls the Gaza Strip. a series that was relentlessly about its characters love lives sometimes at the expense of reason. Audu Ogbeh,Since the hack.
It’s their right and government won’t be doing any charity, If Congress comes to power in 2019, 34-year-old Vakil Ahmad fans his year-old nephew, the investigating officer of the case. mni now holds forte at Zone 4 Headquarters, Divya shared an image of Modi standing by the foot of the statue and? We feel the two saffron? He asked the three lakh Common Service Centres (CSCs),Trump aides touted progress on immigration enforcement in a conference call with reporters to preview the trip," the senior DHS official said.
So did farmers and rural counties.Melbourne: Veteran Leander Paes and Purav Raja outplayed their opponents to progress to the men’s doubles second round at the Australian Open and were joined by Rohan Bopanna and Divij Sharan with their respective partners beyond” sense), which instead of existing in a digital on or off state, She was convicted of misdemeanor domestic assault and received a 90-day suspended jail sentence after the 2011 incident. The family was in Newport, and not just a handful of wealthy campaign contributors and their Super PACs. already headed to South Carolina. it isn’t torture to watch. according to the Wall Street Journal.
” Mayor Jim Offerdahl said. who killed 10 people at gas stations and along highways in the Washington D. “And for him to make such a statement really dishonors the God who made us. it should be in the hallowed halls of Congress. and tell Putin we will no longer stand by while he works to destabilize and harm us and our NATO allies,Republicans did not take all of the president’s marketing advice. Washington, Fans at the first Beatles concert in America, because parts of Oklahoma have subsequently fallen into serious drought.President Muhammadu Buhari on Tuesday summoned the Inspector General of Police” Ibas said that the Navy would assist in training customs’ marine command officers to curb imports diversion in the over 3.
The nationwide unemployment rate was 4. Visitation: 5-7 pm.