NZ Herald 25 November 2015Older toddlers – aged about 2 – are picking up on potentially harmful anti-fat attitudes from their mothers, research suggests.That is a finding from a University of Otago study of 70 Dunedin infants and toddlers, and their parents.The study, by researchers from New Zealand, Australia and the United States, followed other research showing obesity prejudice and discrimination were increasing.The team showed the tots pairs of photos of people – one in which the person was obese, and the other in a normal weight range. Researchers also used questionnaires to gauge the mother’s attitude to obesity.Professor Ted Ruffman, of Otago’s psychology department, said: “What we found is that younger infants, around 11 months of age, preferred to look at obese figures, whereas the older toddler group, around 32 months old, preferred to look at average-sized figures.” And that preference was “strongly related to maternal anti-fat prejudice”.There was a high correlation – the more the mother had expressed anti-fat attitudes in the questionnaire, the more the older toddlers would “look away from the obese figure towards the normal weight one”.The professor said anti-fat prejudice was “associated with social isolation, depression, psychiatric symptoms, low self-esteem and poor body image”.He emphasised the research findings were not meant to be a “mother-blaming exercise”, but it indicated “how early children begin to absorb and display the attitudes of those around them”. Mothers tended to be the primary caregivers and were “just reflecting wider societal attitudes”.http://www.nzherald.co.nz/lifestyle/news/article.cfm?c_id=6&objectid=11550695Keep up with family issues in NZ. Receive our weekly emails direct to your Inbox.Mums could be behind fat-phobic views, University of Otago research suggestsStuff co.nz 24 November 2015If mums are fat-phobic, chances are we will be too – at least that’s what new research suggests.New findings from the University of Otago suggest older toddlers from about 32 months old are picking up on the anti-fat attitudes their mothers may have. The findings, published in the Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, came as a result of a four year-long study involving researchers from New Zealand, Australia and the United States.University of Otago psychology professor Dr Ted Ruffman said the research seemed to suggest fat prejudice was increasing even though more people were overweight.“Parental attitudes can influence a child’s attitudes,” he said.http://www.stuff.co.nz/life-style/well-good/74344356/mums-could-be-behind-fatphobic-views-university-of-otago-research-suggests
— Recently-acquired Brock Holt had four hits and the Nationals leaned on their bullpen to beat the NL East-leading Braves. 10-4. Washington relievers Kyle McGowin, Wander Suero (SWEHR’-oh), Sean Doolittle and Ryne Harper combined for 5 1/3 hitless innings.— The Phillies’ five-game winning streak is over after Seth Lugo held them to one run and four hits while striking out eight in the Mets’ 5-1 victory. Andres Gimenez had two hits and two RBIs to help New York win for only the second time in eight games.MLB-NEWSNationals give multiyear extension to GM Mike RizzoUNDATED (AP) — Washington Nationals general manager and president of baseball operations Mike Rizzo has finalized a multiyear contract extension with the team. — Madison Bumgarner was a loser in his return to San Francisco, serving up back-to-back homers by Evan Longoria and Darin Ruf in the second inning of the Diamondbacks’ 4-3 setback against the Giants. Bumgarner is 0-4 with an 8.44 ERA after lasting just four innings.— Adam Wainwright pitched six-hit ball into the seventh inning to pitch the Cardinals to a 4-2 win over the Cubs in Game 1 of a doubleheader. Wainwright allowed two runs, struck out six and walked one to improve to 4-0 for the first time in his career.— The Cardinals pulled off a sweep of the twinbill as Tyler O’Neill and Paul DeJong (deh-YUHNG’) homered in a 5-1 decision over the NL Central Leaders. Five St. Louis pitchers combined on a three-hitter, with starter Austin Gomber striking out five in 2 2/3 scoreless innings.— Eugenio (ay-oo-HEH’-nee-oh) Suárez recorded his first 3-homer game while driving in five to lead the Reds’ 6-2 win over the Pirates. Suárez hit a three-run shot deep down the left-field line to cap a four-run third inning. — Sandy Alcantara (al-KAN’-tah-rah) allowed one run over six innings to help the Marlins top the Rays, 7-3. Corey Dickerson homered for the second consecutive game as Miami improved to 15-8 away from home. — The Jaguars are going with a college journeyman and sixth-round draft pick as their backup quarterback. General manager Dave Caldwell and coach Doug Marrone kept rookie Jake Luton to play behind Gardner Minshew as they finalized their 53-man roster. — The Browns and Bengals will be allowed to have 6,000 fans at two home games this season. Ohio Gov. Mike DeWine announced Saturday that the teams have been granted a variance for a “two-game trial” on a state requirement limiting 1,500 people at outdoor gatherings. The variance allows for no more than 1,500 fans in each side of the stadium. Fans will be required to wear masks throughout the games.— Daily testing for COVID-19, except on game days, has been extended into the regular season by the NFL and the players’ union. All players and other team personnel categorized in Tiers 1 and 2 will continue to be tested each day, a process that has worked relatively well for the league as it approaches the first game on Thursday night. Elsewhere on the major league schedule:— Justin Upton laced a game-tying double in the ninth and scored on Jo Adell’s single to push the Angels past the Astros, 10-9 in Game 1 of a twinbill. Mike Trout slammed his 300th home run to break the Angels record set by Tim Salmon.— Los Angeles completed a sweep by getting a three-run homer from Anthony Rendon (rehn-DOHN’) in the seventh inning of a 7-6 victory over the Astros. Albert Pujols (POO’-hohlz) also had three ribbies for the Angels.— D.J. Stewart homered twice and the Orioles put together a five-run sixth inning to beat the Yankees, 6-1. Yanks starter Gerrit Cole has dropped three consecutive starts since winning 20 straight decisions.— Xander Bogaerts (BOH’-gahrts) hit a tying homer in the ninth inning and catcher Christian Vázquez manufactured the winning run with his legs in rallying the Red Sox to a 9-8 triumph over the Blue Jays. Jackie Bradley Jr. hit a two-run homer and Rafael Devers (DEH’-vurz) homered while driving in three. Seventh seed Madison Keys had to retire at the U.S. Open in the second set of her third-round match against Alize Cornet (ah-LEEZ’ kohr-NAY’), who was leading 7-6, 3-2. Keys required treatment from a trainer on her upper back and neck after the first set. American Caty McNally is out following a 7-5, 6-1 setback against Elise Mertens. The 16th-seeded Mertens is joined in the fourth round by Karolina Muchova and Tsvetana Pironkova, who knocked out No. 18 Donna Vekic in straight sets. On the men’s side, Frances Tiafoe (TEE-ah-foh) is the last American man in the U.S. Open singles field. The 22-year-old Maryland native advanced into the fourth round for the first time by beating Marton Fucsovics, 6-2, 6-3, 6-2.Men’s No. 2 seed Dominic Thiem (teem) has advanced to the fourth round by beating Marin Cilic (CHIH’-lihch) 6-2, 6-2, 3-6, 6-3. Thiem lost only eight points on his first serve and saved seven of eight break points.Third seed Daniil (DAH’-nihl) Medvedev reached the fourth round by ousting American Jeffrey John Wolf, 6-3, 6-3, 6-2. Also advancing are sixth seed Matteo Berrettini, 10th seed Andrey Rublev No. 15 Felix Auger-Aliassime (ah-LEE’-sih-may) and unseeded American Frances Tiafoe (TEE’-ah-foh). Update on the latest sports TORONTO (AP) — It’s been a long time since the New York Islanders were one of the last four teams standing in the Stanley Cup playoffs.The Isles are in the conference finals for the first time since 1993 after taking Game 7 of their second-round series with the Flyers, 4-0. Scott Mayfield opened the scoring with his first career playoff goal, beating Carter Hart midway through the first period. Fellow defenseman Andy Greene made it 2-0 less than three minutes later.Brock Nelson added a second-period goal and Anthony Beauvillier (boh-VIH’-lee-ay) added an empty-netter to seal the win and the series.Thomas Greiss (grys) needed to make just 16 saves for his first career postseason shutout. Associated Press The Nationals have won four NL East titles, most recently in 2017. They won the last season’s World Series after making the playoffs as a wild card.The Nationals currently are in last place in the division in the pandemic-shortened season. Rizzo is in his 12th season guiding the Nationals’ baseball operations.Elsewhere in the majors:— Jose Altuve (al-TOO’-vay) has landed on the 10-day injured list by the Astros. The second baseman sprained his right knee while sliding into third base Thursday against Texas. The 2017 AL MVP is batting only .224 this season, but he was 16 of 48 over his last 14 games.— Orioles outfielder Anthony Santander (sahn-tahn-DEHR’) has a strained oblique and likely will miss the remainder of the season. Santander has been one of the best players on a rebuilding team that has performed above expectations following two straight 100-loss seasons. He sustained the injury in the opener of a doubleheader against the Yankees on Friday. TENNIS-US OPENWilliams outlasts Stephens at U.S. OpenNEW YORK (AP) — Serena Williams is still alive in her latest bid for a record-tying 24th Grand Slam, but she had her hands full against fellow American Sloane Stephens early in the third round. Williams has avoided what would have been her earliest loss at the U.S. Open since her 1998 debut by coming back to beat Stephens, 2-6, 6-2, 6-2 to advance to the Round of 16. Next up for Williams is 15th seed Maria Sakkari, who beat her at the Western & Southern Open at Flushing Meadow last month. Sakkari advanced Saturday with a 6-3, 6-1 victory against American Amanda Anisimova.No. 2-seeded Sofia Kenin reached the fourth round of the U.S. Open for the first time by beating Ons Jabeur 7-6, 6-3. The American is bidding for her second Grand Slam championship in a row after winning her first major title at the Australian Open in February. PGA-TOUR CHAMPIONSHIPJohnson tops leaderboardATLANTA (AP) — Top-ranked Dustin Johnson is the leader at the midway point of the Tour Championship. Johnson closed a two-putt birdie for an even-par 70 and a one-shot lead lead over Sungjae Im, who birdied three of his last four holes for a 64.Former Tour Championship winner Xander Schauffele (SHOW’-flee) ran off three straight birdies late in his round for a 65 that puts him two shots back. Meanwhile, the Nuggets have squared their Western Conference semifinal series at a game apiece with a 110-101 win against the Clippers. Jamal Murray scored 27 points for Denver, which never trailed and led by as many as 23. Nikola Jokic (nih-KOH’-lah YOU’-kihch) had 26 points and 18 rebounds while helping the Nuggets keep Kawhi (kah-WY’) Leonard in check. Leonard had 13 points, 10 rebounds and eight assists but shot only 4 for 17.Paul George scored a team-high 22 points for Los Angeles.NHL-STANLEY CUP PLAYOFFSIslanders reach conference finals Pascal Siakam (see-A’-kam) and Kyle Lowry each had double-doubles as the Raptors beat the Celtics, 100-93, evening the Eastern Conference semifinal series at two games apiece.Siakam finished with 23 points and 11 rebounds, while Lowry delivered 22 points and 11 boards. Serge Ibaka (ih-BAH’-kah) added 18 points and seven rebounds off the bench for the Raptors, who also received 17 points from Fred VanVleet.The game was tied until Toronto outscored Boston, 32-24 in the third quarter.Jayson Tatum’s 24 points and 10 rebounds led Boston. Jaylen Brown missed his first nine 3-point attempts and finished with 14 points. Share This StoryFacebookTwitteremailPrintLinkedinRedditNBA PLAYOFFSRaptors even series 2-2LAKE BUENA VISTA, Fla. (AP) — This time, the Toronto Raptors didn’t need a buzzer-beating 3-pointer to beat the Boston Celtics. NFL-NEWSWatson agrees to extension with TexansUNDATED (AP) — Deshaun Watson has agreed to a four-year, $160 million contract extension with the Houston Texans. The deal makes Watson the second-highest paid quarterback in the league, behind Kansas City’s Patrick Mahomes, who signed a 10-year deal worth up to $503 million in July. The 24-year-old Watson has appeared in 38 games with 37 starts in his first three seasons with the Texans. He threw for 3,852 yards and 26 touchdowns last season when he led the Texans to the divisional round of the playoffs.In other NFL news: It’s the sixth Derby victory for Bob Baffert, tying the all-time record for trainers. Ben Jones picked up his sixth Derby win as a trainer with Hill Gail in 1952.The bay colt ran 1 1/4 miles in 2:00.61 under Velazquez, who earned his third Derby.Tiz the Law already had won the Belmont Stakes, the kickoff to the Triple Crown that was run in June at a shorter distance. A victory in the Derby would set him up for a Triple try in the Preakness on Oct. 3.Baffert’s other horse, Thousand Words, got spooked in the paddock, reared up and fell on his side. He was scratched by the veterinarians. Mr. Big News finished third at 46-1. September 6, 2020 Vasek Pospisil pulled off Saturday’s biggest surprise in the men’s bracket by eliminating No. 8 Roberto Bautista-Agut (ah-GOO), 7-5, 2-6, 4-6, 6-3, 6-2.MLB-SCHEDULEA’s top Padres to end skidUNDATED (AP) — The Oakland Athletics have halted a three-game losing streak by bouncing back from Friday’s 7-0 loss to San Diego.Ramón Laureano homered and Sean Manaea (mah-NY’-ah) won his third straight start as the A’s doubled up the Padres, 8-4. Matt Olson hit a two-run triple and new addition Tommy La Stella had an RBI double to back Manaea, who allowed one run and four hits over five innings. The Lightning are next up for the Islanders, beginning Monday in Edmonton.KENTUCKY DERBYAuthentic edges Tiz the Law to win DerbyLOUISVILLE, Ky. (AP) — For Authentic, it’s better late than never.Authentic has captured the pandemic-delayed Kentucky Derby in front of near-empty empty stands at Churchill Downs. With John Velazquez aboard, Authentic went off at 9-1 and grabbed the lead out of the game before holding off 3-5 favorite, Tiz the Law by 1 1/4 lengths. — Chargers Pro Bowl wideout Keenan Allen has signed a four-year extension that will make him the league’s second-highest paid receiver in average money. That’s according to a person familiar with the deal, who says it is worth $80.1 million with $50 million guaranteed. He had 104 receptions last season, breaking his own franchise record for single-season catches. — Joe Flacco passed his physical and will start the season on the Jets’ active roster as one of Sam Darnold’s backups. The veteran quarterback had been on the active/physically unable to perform list throughout training camp while recovering from neck surgery. — A person familiar with the situation says Dallas right tackle La’el Collins and linebacker Sean Lee will start the season on injured reserve with a chance to return after three weeks. Coach Mike McCarthy hasn’t specified the nature of the injuries.— Quarterback Josh Rosen is available after being released by the Dolphins. The former first-round pick was behind veteran Ryan Fitzpatrick and first-rounder Tua Tagovailoa (TOO’-ah tuhng-ah-vy-LOH’-ah) on the depth chart.— Alex Smith has made Washington’s initial 53-man roster 22 months since breaking two bones in his right leg. Smith may even be Dwayne Haskins’ backup Week 1 against the Eagles after participating in full 11-on-11 drills at practice in recent days. — Jose Abreu (ah-BRAY’-oo) and Yasmani Grandal (yahs-MAH’-nee grahn-DAHL’) belted two-run homers to power the White Sox past the Royals, 5-3. Lucas Giolito struck out nine and allowed three runs over five innings to get the win.— The Indians blew a 3-1 lead before earning a 4-3 win over the Brewers on a walk-off single by Cesar Hernandez in the ninth inning. Hernandez also poked an RBI double and Jose Ramirez smacked a two-run homer for Cleveland.— The Twins pulled out its fifth straight win, earning a 4-3 decision over the Tigers on Byron Buxton’s RBI single in the bottom of the ninth. Miguel Sano (sah-NOH’) homered in the seventh, hit the game-tying single in the ninth and scored the winning run.— Jose Marmolejos (mahr-moh-LAY’-hohs) twice left the bases loaded before supplying a tiebreaking single in the eighth inning of the Mariners’ 5-3 win over the Rangers. Justus Sheffield allowed two runs over seven innings before the Mariners scored three times in the eighth.— Nolan Arenado (ar-eh-NAH’-doh) singled home the tiebreaking run in the ninth inning before pinch-hitter Josh Fuentes added a two-run double to give the Rockies breathing room in a 5-2 win over the Dodgers. Charlie Blackmon homered, doubled and scored two runs as Colorado ended the Dodgers’ six-game winning streak.
DDL tax settlementIn light of concerns in relation to the controversial tax write-off granted by Government to beverage giant Demerara Distillers Limited (DDL), Finance Minister Winston Jordan declared that any attempts to seek a similar settlement would be strongly contested by the A Partnership for National Unity/Alliance For Change (APNU/AFC) Government.Opposition Leader Bharrat JagdeoOpposition Leader Bharrat Jagdeo had contended that the whopping $3.8 billion Consumption Tax write-off from the Guyana Revenue Authority (GRA) opened the door for other companies to seek refunds on taxes paid on the same basis as was used in the DDL case.Finance Minister Winston JordanHowever, Jordan insisted that Government would not let such a situation occur.“Any attempts by other business persons to make claims and so on will also be vigorously opposed based on principles that underline the settlement with DDL,” he stated during a news conference on Monday.Jordan explained that Government could not stop other companies from wanting to make similar claims however, as with the Rudisa case where other corporations are piggybacking on the outcome of that settlement, but there would have to be reasonable grounds.The Finance Minister asserted that the GRA engaged in tax settlements all the time and the DDL matter was nothing new.“The judgement is sound, based on what is told to me,” he stated, noting that there really was not an issue with the matter.The Opposition Leader had contended that the DDL settlement, as well as the possibility of other companies seeking refunds, would cost the State billions in revenue dollars – billions that could have been used in areas that the coalition Government told the nation it could not afford to fund.He explained that the potential cost of this single settlement and its possible consequences amounted to more money than the State received in loans and grants in a single year.Jagdeo had also demanded that Government release critical information in relation to this tax deal, including whether or not an assessment of DDL’s liabilities in respect of Excise Tax for the period 2006 to 2016 was done and what was the sum of that liability; who negotiated the settlement; if the settlement was approved by Cabinet or the Board of the GRA; on what principles was the sum $1.5 billion arrived at; and whether other deals were concluded or are currently being negotiated.