Refurbishment In Melbourne / Marc Dixon

first_imgArchDaily Projects “COPY” “COPY” ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/204654/refurbishment-in-melbourne-marc-dixon Clipboard Australia CopyHouses, Refurbishment•Australia Refurbishment In Melbourne / Marc Dixon Houses Photographs:  Kevin Hui & Adrian RivallandText description provided by the architects. This 2 bedroom extension to a 1930’s Residence in Melbourne’s east is centered around an external courtyard deck which provides a dynamic link between the house and a detached studio beyond. A clerestorey tower at one end and a two storey component at the other create a bookend effect providing a sense of enclosure to the outdoor. The bookend towers, visible from the front of the existing house, landmark the new work reflecting the changing needs of its users. Save this picture!© Kevin Hui & Adrian Rivalland”Bring the toilet in and move the kitchen out”: The original brief from the client provided an opportunity to explore the courtyard typology where a new Kitchen, Dining, Laundry and Bathrooms have been provided as part of the upgrade. Save this picture!© Kevin Hui & Adrian RivallandAlterations and Additions are limited to the rear of the house leaving the main body of the existing house completely intact. Local Council uphold Heritage considerations for neighbourhood character. The new work has been intentionally designed to contrast the existing residence. A low transition element provides a link between the old and new construction. The higher additions at the rear are set well back from the original construction to minimize any overshadowing. Opportunity to explore the use and application of colour and texture gives each user a theme with a linking pattern where the ceramic tile format is based on the size of the original wet areas.Save this picture!© Kevin Hui & Adrian RivallandProject gallerySee allShow lessPennDesign 2012 Spring Lecture SeriesArticlesStudent Housing for TU Delft Campus / Studioninedots + HVDNArticles Share Architects: Marc Dixon Photographs ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/204654/refurbishment-in-melbourne-marc-dixon Clipboard Save this picture!© Kevin Hui & Adrian Rivalland+ 49 Share Refurbishment In Melbourne / Marc DixonSave this projectSaveRefurbishment In Melbourne / Marc Dixon CopyAbout this officeMarc DixonOfficeFollowProductConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesRefurbishmentResidentialRefurbishmentAustraliaPublished on February 06, 2012Cite: “Refurbishment In Melbourne / Marc Dixon” 06 Feb 2012. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Read commentsBrowse the CatalogSinkshansgroheBathroom Mixers – Metropol ClassicVinyl Walls3MVinyl Finish – DI-NOC™ StonePartitionsSkyfoldVertically Folding Operable Walls – Zenith® SeriesPanels / Prefabricated AssembliesProdemaProdEx Wood Facade in the Aspen Art MuseumSealantsSikaRenovation of Zeitz MuseumSinksBradley Corporation USAVerge Coordinated Soap Dispenser and Faucet SetsWoodLunawoodThermo Timber and Industrial ThermowoodAcousticFabriTRAK®FabriFELT™ for Walls and CeilingsGlassDip-TechDigital Ceramic Etch PrintingWindowspanoramah!®ah! Ultra MinimalistEngineered Wood FlooringAustralian Sustainable Hardwoods (ASH)Australian Oak Engineered FlooringLouvers / ShuttersConstruction SpecialtiesSunshades – Airfoil LuxMore products »Read commentsSave世界上最受欢迎的建筑网站现已推出你的母语版本!想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my streamlast_img read more

FF House / Hernandez Silva Arquitectos

first_imgShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/272893/ff-house-hernandez-silva-arquitectos Clipboard “COPY” Photographs Mexico CopyHouses•Zapopan, Mexico Save this picture!© Carlos Díaz Corona+ 33 Share Year:  Houses Projects ArchDaily “COPY” Area:  587 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project FF House / Hernandez Silva Arquitectos FF House / Hernandez Silva ArquitectosSave this projectSaveFF House / Hernandez Silva Arquitectos Photographs:  Carlos Díaz Corona Text description provided by the architects. The house is located on a gated community in Zapopan, México. The main entrance is accessible through a roundabout with an old laurel.Save this picture!© Carlos Díaz CoronaThe project was developed in a short period of time; however the construction lasted a little longer than expected. The approved design did not suffer any changes because the owners bet on the original idea.Save this picture!© Carlos Díaz CoronaThe formal concept aims to display simple and lightweight items that observed from the outside seems to float on a wooden base. From inside the bodies give the feeling of being free and unsupported.Save this picture!© Carlos Díaz CoronaThe location of the areas is generated from a “T” volume, with one elongated arm which is planted in the ground forming two generous voids, the first on the main entrance and the second on the inside. The pedestrian entrance contains a lightweight floating cover upon wooden walls that embrace the visitor, passing through a stairway escorted by gardens. The car entrance is extremely subtle; the gate is also covered in wood, disappearing from the view, thus achieving a smooth wall on which the second level of the house arises.Save this picture!© Carlos Díaz CoronaThe house has a discreet entrance but as you go through, different vanishing points and limits are incorporated and accompany visitors to finish with a transparent and open space that unfolds towards the back yard and pool.Save this picture!© Carlos Díaz CoronaThe living room is a generous double-height space, connected to the entry by a water surface. The solid exposed-concrete ladder generates a very powerful sculptural volume visually. The kitchen is discrete, but is attached to the dining room on one side and the services on the other; this space opens to the side garden visually through a floor to ceiling window.Save this picture!© Carlos Díaz CoronaThe dining room is spacious, open and distributes the social area, fully linked to the terrace, one of the most used areas in the house due to the mild climate practically the whole year in Guadalajara. The pool is located at the back of the property to gain sunlight, sheltered by a group of trees.Save this picture!© Carlos Díaz CoronaThe corridor that lead to the rooms on the first floor, directs the eye to the inner garden under a gallery effect avoiding the views of surrounding houses to enhance privacy.Save this picture!© Carlos Díaz CoronaWe attempted to use a small number of materials but generous to strengthen the concept. Wood and exposed concrete are the predominant materials.Save this picture!First Floor PlanDespite being a project that fully utilizes the technical resources to achieve very generous and open spaces it accomplishes the feeling of privacy.Save this picture!SectionProject gallerySee allShow lessComisaría Lugo / Mestura ArquitectesArticlesW Window House / Alphaville ArchitectsSelected Projects Share 2012 ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/272893/ff-house-hernandez-silva-arquitectos Clipboard Architects: Hernández Silva Arquitectos Area Area of this architecture project CopyAbout this officeHernández Silva ArquitectosOfficeFollowProductStone#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesDabasZapopanHouses3D ModelingMexicoPublished on September 26, 2012Cite: “FF House / Hernandez Silva Arquitectos” 26 Sep 2012. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Read commentsBrowse the CatalogSinkshansgroheBathroom Mixers – Metropol ClassicVinyl Walls3MVinyl Finish- DI-NOC™ Glass FinishPartitionsSkyfoldWhere to Increase Flexibility in SchoolsMetal PanelsDri-DesignMetal Panels – Painted AluminumStonesCosentinoDekton® Surfaces – Chicago 444Exterior DeckingLunawoodThermowood DeckingWoodBruagAcoustic Panels with LEDWindowsOTTOSTUMM | MOGSWindow Systems – CPXPanels / Prefabricated AssembliesULMA Architectural SolutionsHexapent Facade PanelDoorsRabel Aluminium SystemsMinimal Folding Door System – Rabel 3710 Super ThermalWall / Ceiling LightsLuminisCeiling Surface Lights – HollowcoreBenches / TablesUrbaStyleConcrete Bench – BoomerangMore products »Read commentsSave想阅读文章的中文版本吗?FF建筑 / Hernandez Silva Arquitectos是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my streamlast_img read more

Stinson Beach Lagoon / Turnbull Griffin Haesloop Architects

first_img Structural: Fratessa, Forbes & Wong Houses “COPY” CopyHouses•Stinson Beach, United States General Contractor: 2016 Architects: Turnbull Griffin Haesloop Architects Area Area of this architecture project United States “COPY” Civil: ArchDaily Interiors: ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/803908/stinson-beach-lagoon-turnbull-griffin-haesloop-architects Clipboard Photographs:  Shaun Sullivan Photography Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project Save this picture!© Shaun Sullivan Photography+ 14 Share Manufacturers: Blomberg, Dacor, Bantam ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/803908/stinson-beach-lagoon-turnbull-griffin-haesloop-architects Clipboard Geotechnical Engineer: Projects Cleaveland & Kennedy Design Sawyer Construction Landscape:Michael BernsohnDesign Team:Mary Griffin, Eric Haesloop, John Kleman, Sara Dewey, Amy HuCity:Stinson BeachCountry:United StatesMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Shaun Sullivan PhotographyText description provided by the architects. Located in Stinson Beach, the site offers a southern exposure to the Seadrift Lagoon and a view to the north of the Bolinas Lagoon. This house creates an indoor / outdoor retreat to share with extended family and friends. The house forms a courtyard to the south that captures the sun and blocks the wind. The courtyard also creates privacy for the outdoor deck, fire pit, and hot tub. The living spaces open out to the courtyard while an interior dining bay tips up to capture views of the of the Bolinas Lagoon and Marin Hills. Save this picture!© Shaun Sullivan PhotographySave this picture!DetailsSave this picture!© Shaun Sullivan PhotographyThe interior of the house was designed to accommodate the owner’s art collection. The walls are sheetrock, the ceiling cedar, and the floors a wide board oak. The exterior is vertical board cedar with metal windows and doors.Save this picture!© Shaun Sullivan PhotographyProject gallerySee allShow lessWinners Revealed in Competition to Redesign Mumbai’s Maharashtra Nature ParkArchitecture NewsMorphosis Architects’ U.S. Embassy in Beirut Gets 2023 Completion DateArchitecture News Share Stinson Beach Lagoon / Turnbull Griffin Haesloop ArchitectsSave this projectSaveStinson Beach Lagoon / Turnbull Griffin Haesloop Architects Stinson Beach Lagoon / Turnbull Griffin Haesloop Architects AYS Engineering Group Inc. Photographs Area:  2800 ft² Year Completion year of this architecture project Year:  Miller Pacific Engineering Group CopyAbout this officeTurnbull Griffin Haesloop ArchitectsOfficeFollowProductWood#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesStinson BeachUnited StatesPublished on January 24, 2017Cite: “Stinson Beach Lagoon / Turnbull Griffin Haesloop Architects” 24 Jan 2017. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Browse the CatalogPanels / Prefabricated AssembliesTechnowoodGRP Siding Façade SystemPlasticsMitrexSolar SidingMetal PanelsAurubisCopper Alloy: Nordic RoyalSystems / Prefabricated PanelsKalwall®Translucent WalkwaysPanels / Prefabricated AssembliesIsland Exterior FabricatorsSpecialty Facade SystemsLightsLouis PoulsenLamps – LP Slim BoxWoodBruagAcoustic Panels with LEDTiles / Mosaic / GresiteHisbalitMosaic Tiles – Palm SpringsMineral / Organic PaintsKEIMBlack Concrete – Concretal®-BlackSuspension SystemsMetawellAluminum Panels for Smart CeilingsDoorsGorter HatchesFloor Door – Fire RatedBricksDEPPEWaterstruck Bricks – 1622/1635ekws DFMore products »Save世界上最受欢迎的建筑网站现已推出你的母语版本!想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my streamlast_img read more

Barnardo’s TV advert – Break the Cycle

first_img  45 total views,  1 views today Howard Lake | 1 May 2009 | News About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. Advertisement AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Tagged with: Individual giving  46 total views,  2 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Barnardo’s TV advert – Break the Cycle Barnardo’s 2008 TV advert ‘Break the Cycle’ highlighting the cycle of disadvantage. Note there’s no fundraising appeal at the end, perhaps because one would look crass.Barnardo’s recommend that children under 13 are not permitted to watch this video.last_img read more

Students react to Fort Worth police no longer giving warnings at parties

first_imgKaitlin Whitehttps://www.tcu360.com/author/kaitlin-white/ Linkedin TCU Frog Camps returning to more traditional look this summer Kaitlin Whitehttps://www.tcu360.com/author/kaitlin-white/ Twitter Kaitlin White printhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lRSfvQ7liVYAn email sent from the vice chancellor of student affairs, Kathy Cavins-Tull, caused some students to be upset.It said the Fort Worth Police Department will no longer hand out warnings to students at parties, but Captain Donald Hanlon of the Fort Worth Police Department said the new plan is not a no tolerance policy.They will still be handing out warnings but will be faster to make arrests when needed. ReddIt TCU students volunteer to stop hunger Kaitlin Whitehttps://www.tcu360.com/author/kaitlin-white/ The College of Science and Engineering Dean, Phil Hartman, retires after 40 consecutive years Twitter Facebook ReddIt TCU showgirl makes strong comeback Facebook Previous articleFrogs fall to No. 4 in AP Poll, remain No. 3 in coaches pollNext articleStudents travel to Arlington for Taylor Swift’s 1989 World Tour Kaitlin White RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR TCU places second in the National Student Advertising Competition, the highest in school history TCU alumna reportedly on next season of “The Bachelor” Linkedin + posts last_img read more

Professor Kevin Gilmartin Named Caltech’s Dean of Undergraduate Students

first_imgHome of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,PCC – EducationVirtual Schools PasadenaDarrell Done EducationHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes Community News First Heatwave Expected Next Week More Cool Stuff Herbeauty10 Most Influential Women In HistoryHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty15 Countries Where Men Have Difficulties Finding A WifeHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyYou’ll Want To Get Married Twice Or Even More Just To Put Them OnHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyWant To Seriously Cut On Sugar? You Need To Know A Few TricksHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyBohemian Summer: How To Wear The Boho Trend RightHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty6 Trends To Look Like A Bombshell And 6 To Forget AboutHerbeautyHerbeauty Subscribe Name (required)  Mail (required) (not be published)  Website  Community News Top of the News center_img Education Professor Kevin Gilmartin Named Caltech’s Dean of Undergraduate Students By JON NALICK Published on Thursday, May 26, 2016 | 2:21 pm 0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it Make a comment Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. Business News Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS Kevin Gilmartin Credit: CaltechOn July 1, 2016, Kevin Gilmartin, professor of English, will begin serving as Caltech’s dean of undergraduate students.In announcing Gilmartin’s appointment, Joseph E. Shepherd, vice president for student affairs and the C. L. Kelly Johnson Professor of Aeronautics and Mechanical Engineering, described him as “an accomplished scholar and author who brings to this position twenty-five years of experience in teaching and mentoring our students, and who has shown a keen interest in the welfare of our undergraduate students in and outside of the classroom.”In his new role as dean of undergraduate students, Gilmartin will work on fostering academic and personal growth through counseling and support for student activities as well as acting as a liaison between students and faculty, says Shepherd.A recipient the Feynman Prize, Caltech’s highest teaching award, Gilmartin says he was attracted to the job of dean because “I have always found our students to be so interesting, and engaging. They are extraordinarily optimistic. They seem to have a positive attitude toward the world—they’re curious, and they’re open to new things. What more could you ask for?”He says he sees his role as helping undergraduates develop and thrive. “I’m excited to work with students to help foster their intellectual and academic growth and their development as individuals,” he says. “Our students are remarkably diverse and they have diverse interests. The Caltech curriculum is demanding, and focused, no doubt. But within it, and through it, our students do find so many opportunities.”He adds, “The dean’s office provides essential support. But we can also encourage our students to do what they are inclined to do, to challenge themselves, to try new things.”Gilmartin received his undergraduate degree in English from Oberlin College in 1985. He received both his MS (’86) and PhD (’91) in English from the University of Chicago, joining the faculty of Caltech in 1991.Barbara Green, who has served as the interim dean over the past year will return to her regular position as associate dean in July. In his announcement, Shepherd thanked Green “for her work with our students and service to the Institute [and for] being so willing and committed to the success of our undergraduate student body.”last_img read more

25% of Derry shoppers are from ROI – VAT hike set to boost city…

first_imgNewsx Adverts Man arrested on suspicion of drugs and criminal property offences in Derry Google+ Dail hears questions over design, funding and operation of Mica redress scheme Pinterest Google+ Twitter Man arrested in Derry on suspicion of drugs and criminal property offences released PSNI and Gardai urged to investigate Adams’ claims he sheltered on-the-run suspect in Donegal Facebook Pinterest Comments today from the chief executive of Derry’s Chamber of Commerce underline the severe impact the government’s 2% VAT increase may have on Donegal businessesSinead McLaughlin said a quarter of cars in the city’s Foyleside shopping centre car parks last weekend had Republic of Ireland registration plates, most of them from Co Donegal.Ms McLaughlin believes that the VAT increase will result in more people from Donegal shopping to Derry:center_img RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR WhatsApp Dail to vote later on extending emergency Covid powers Twitter Facebook HSE warns of ‘widespread cancellations’ of appointments next week By News Highland – November 25, 2011 WhatsApp Previous articlePlans for major new Letterkenny nursing home withdrawnNext articleDonegal man takes over chair of the Irish Shellfish Association News Highland 25% of Derry shoppers are from ROI – VAT hike set to boost city furtherlast_img read more

COVID-19 Pandemic: Analysis Of Employment Issues In India

first_imgColumnsCOVID-19 Pandemic: Analysis Of Employment Issues In India RAMIT MEHTA15 April 2020 4:21 AMShare This – xCOVID-19 AND EMPLOYMENT IN INDIA:- Employment is a relationship between two parties, usually based on a contract where work is paid for, where one party is the employer and the other is the employee. Employees work in return for payment, which may be in form of an hourly wage, by piecework or annual salary, depending on the type of work an employee does or which sector…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginCOVID-19 AND EMPLOYMENT IN INDIA:- Employment is a relationship between two parties, usually based on a contract where work is paid for, where one party is the employer and the other is the employee. Employees work in return for payment, which may be in form of an hourly wage, by piecework or annual salary, depending on the type of work an employee does or which sector they are working in. Employment is typically governed by employment laws, organization or legal contracts. Indian employment law is heavily bureaucratic, with numerous statutory requirements with regards to contracts, termination procedures as well as employee pensions and holidays. The main distinction with regards to employee rights lies with whether the employee is considered a “workman” or otherwise under Indian employment law. Indian legislation depicts workers as two distinct categories: workmen and non-workmen. In India, most of the legislation in place primarily applies to workmen. Under the Industrial Disputes Act, one of the main labour legislations in the country, a workman is defined as any person employed in any industry to do any manual, unskilled, skilled, technical, operational, clerical or supervisory work for hire or reward, whether the terms of employment are express or implied. An employee working in a managerial or administrative capacity, or those employed in a supervisory capacity earning more than Rs10,000 per month, are excluded from the scope of this definition. The definition of “workman” under the Industrial Disputes Act includes temporary workers. Temporary or part time workers are thus entitled to the same benefits as full-time workers and subject to the provisions of the Industrial Disputes Act in relation to termination provisions. However, where a temporary worker is employed for a genuine specific task for a limited time period, the usual provisions concerning termination for full-time workers will not apply to that temporary worker. The model standing orders under the Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act 1946 also classify workmen as permanent workmen, probationers, badli workmen and temporary workmen based on the nature of their employment. Indian law also recognises agency workers – workers employed through third party contractors. Their employment is governed by the Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Act 1970. A worker’s entitlement to statutory employment rights depends on the category of employee and multiple other factors, including nature of the work undertaken, remuneration, location of employee and type of industry. As the Industrial Disputes Act seeks to protect workmen, an employee who does not qualify as a workman will not receive any protection or benefit under the Industrial Disputes Act. In the present scenario and circumstances where the world is at standstill axis due to pandemic coronavirus to promote social distancing various state governments and central government have time to time issued various advisories for promoting work from home (WFH). As of the implementation of lockdown in India, all commercial and industrial establishments which are not engaged in providing essential services have to be closed. However, the closure due to the said lockdown does not necessarily mean that employers are required to close all of their operations and are free to implement work from home wherever possible. The big question which is arising is whether the employees will be liable and bound to remunerate its employees in the present- like the situation when the work at the industry/enterprises/companies/organizations/companies are affected or ceased owing to the outbreak of a pandemic and subsequent lockdown by the government. This article is an attempt to analyse and assess the same. EMPLOYMENT AND LABOUR LAWS IN INDIA:- Indian labour law refers to laws regulating employment. Traditionally Indian Governments at the federal and state level have sought to ensure a high degree of protection for workers through enforcement of labour laws. The labour enactments in India is divided into 5 broad categories, viz. Working Conditions, Industrial Relations, Wage, Welfare and Social Securities. The enactments are all based upon the Constitution of India and the resolutions taken in ILO conventions from time to time. While conforming to the essentials of the laws of contracts, a contract of employment must adhere also to the provisions of applicable labour laws and the rules contained under the Standing Orders of the establishment. Indian labour laws divide the industry into two broad categories:- 1. Factory:- Factories are regulated by the provisions of the Factories Act, 1948. All Industrial establishments employing 10 or more persons and carrying manufacturing activities with the aid of power come within the definition of Factory. The said Act makes provisions for the health, safety, welfare, working hours and leave of workers in factories. The said Act is enforced by the State Government through their ‘Factory’ inspectorates. The said Act empowers the State Governments to frame rules, so that the local conditions prevailing in the State are appropriately reflected in the enforcement. The said Act puts special emphasis on welfare, health and safety of workers. 2. The Shops & Establishment:- The Shops and Establishment Act is a state legislation act and each state has framed its own rules for the Act. The object of this Act is to provide statutory obligation and rights to employees and employers in the unauthorized sector of employment, i.e., shops and establishments. This Act is applicable to all persons employed in an establishment with or without wages, except the members of the employers’ family. The other main central laws dealing with labor issues in India are Workmen’s compensation Act, 1923, Payment of Wages Act 1936, Industrial Employment (Standing orders) Act 1946, Industrial Disputes Act 1947, Minimum Wages Act 1948, Employees Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act 1952, Maternity Benefit Act 1961, Payment of Bonus Act,1965. Several of these statues already have provisions relating to layoffs and retrenchment of the employees and the conditions. DISASTER MANAGEMENT ACT:- The Ministry of Home Affairs invoked Section 6 (2) (i) of the Disaster Management Act, 2005, and issued an order on 24th March 2020, directing the ministries or departments of Government of India, state and union territory governments and authorities to implement the measures laid down in the central order. The measures restrict residents’ movement outside of their homes and order a closure of all offices, factories and shops, except those considered as essential goods and services. The Disaster Management Act, 2005 was passed to enable the central government to provide a legal framework for setting up of a National Disaster Management Authority under the chairmanship of the Prime Minister of India and not more than nine members nominated by him. While the scheme of the Act does not specifically deal with the control of a pandemic like Covid-19, the powers of the National Disaster Management Authority under Section 6 of the Act can be broadly interpreted to give a unified command to the central government to effectively manage a disaster throughout India. The term ‘disaster’ under section 2(d) of Disaster Management Act, 2005 means:- ‘a catastrophe, mishap, calamity or grave occurrence in any area, arising from natural or man-made causes, or by accident or negligence which results in substantial loss of life or human suffering or damage to, and destruction of, property, or damage to, or degradation of, environment, and is of such a nature or magnitude as to be beyond the coping capacity of the community of the affected area’. The Covid-19 outbreak is bound to be classified as a disaster under the Disaster Management Act, 2005, allowing the central government wide powers to deal with the pandemic by laying down policies, plans and guidelines for disaster management to ensure a timely and effective response to the disaster. Further Section 38 of the Disaster Management Act, 2005 casts a duty on the states to follow the directions of National Disaster Management Authority. Moreover, Section 72 of the Disaster Management Act, 2005, provides that the provisions of the Act will have an overriding effect on all other laws, to the extent that they are inconsistent. Therefore, the order passed by the ministry of home affairs, will override all state orders and municipal orders to the extent that they are inconsistent with the Home Ministry’s order. MEASURES TAKEN BY GOVERNMENT:- The Ministry of Labour and Employment issued a circular dated 20.03.2020 requiring the employers/establishments to not to terminate employees and not to cut wages of the workers interalia stating that all the Employers of Public/Private Establishments are advised to extend their coordination by not terminating their employees’ particularly casual or contractual workers from jobs or reduce their wages. If any worker takes leave, he should be deemed to be on duty without any consequential deduction in wages for this period, further if the place of employment is to be made non-operational due to COVID-19, the employees of such unit will be deemed to be on duty. It has been further stated by the Ministry of Labour and Employment that the termination of employee from the job or reduction in wages in this scenario would further deepen the crises and will not only weaken the financial condition of the employee but also hamper their morale to combat their fight with this epidemic. As a matter of fact, the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India in the exercise of powers conferred under section 10(2)(1) of the Disaster Management Act, 2005 in the capacity of Chairperson of National Executive Committee, has issued an order 29.03.2020 whereby directing the State/Union Territory Governments and State/Union Territory Authorities to take necessary action and to issue necessary orders to their District Magistrate/Deputy Commissioner and Senior Superintendent of Police/Superintendent of Police/Deputy Commissioner of Police, to take following measures :- “All the Employers, be it in the Industry or in the Shops and Commercial establishments, shall make payment of wages of their workers, at their workplaces, on the due date, without any deduction, for the period their establishments are under closure during the lockdown” It has been further directed to the respective State/Union Territory Governments to take necessary action under the Disaster Management Act, 2005 in case of violation of the aforementioned measures. Many of state Governments has issued advisory to industrial units to pay salaries to their employees and workers digitally during the lockdown in the larger interest of employees and workers in view of the need of money for meeting their daily needs. Moreover the District Administration of Noida has issued order under the National Disaster Management Act 2005 interalia stating that Workers and employees who are infected with COVID-19 and kept in isolation for treatment will get 28 days’ paid leave. This will be done only when such patients produce a certificate of treatment to their employers upon being discharged as healthy. It has been further ordered to all such shops, commercial facilities and factories, which have been closed temporarily because of the order of the state government or the district administration, will provide paid leave to their workers and labourers for the duration of the closure. It has been further stated in the said order that action would be ensured against the offender under Section 51 of the Disaster Management Act, 2005 which provides for one year of imprisonment or financial penalty or both and two years of jail if violation of the order causes any loss to life or property. It is to note here that Central Government and State Governments have called upon employers to pay wages for the lockdown period not only to the permanent workmen of an industrial establishment but also to contract workmen and inter-State migrant workers. The Central Government, invoking the provisions of the Disaster Management Act 2005 has declared a lockdown until April 14. The State Governments invoking the provisions of Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897 have framed certain regulations and have issued certain directions/guidelines/communications. The direction issued by the governments to employers to pay wages to all the workmen neither comes within the framework of the Disaster Management Act 2005 and Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897 nor is backed by a statutory law. The Disaster Management Act, 2005 was enacted for setting up the National Disaster Management Authority and State Disaster Management Authority respectively and to have a unified command over disaster management. The powers of the National Executive Committee and the State Executive Committee have been listed in the Act. A reading of the provisions of the Act would show that powers have not been vested with either the State or the Central Government to direct private employers to pay wages during a disaster despite the employees not working. The Epidemic Diseases Act was enacted in 1897 to stop the spread of bubonic plague in then Bombay. The objective of the Act is to prevent the spread of epidemic diseases. Under the Act both the Central and the State governments have the powers to take measures in order to control the epidemic. Section 2 of the Act, confers States with the following special powers: “to take measures and, by public notice, prescribe such temporary regulations to be observed by the public or by any person or class of persons as it shall deem necessary to prevent the outbreak of such disease or the spread thereof, and may determine in what manner and by whom any expenses incurred (including compensation if any) shall be defrayed.” The substantial part of the Act is Section 2 and it only enables the government to prescribe measures to prevent the outbreak of such disease or the spread thereof. The same certainly does not clothe the government with a power to direct a private employer to pay wages. Central Government and State Governments would need to come up with a scheme to subsidize employers towards the wages paid during the lockdown considering subsiding the wage cost for the lockdown period, if not in entirety, at least in part. The scheme can be linked to profits earned by the industrial establishment and the wage bill for a month. In the absence of such a scheme, if for any reason the government decides to extend the lockdown private employers especially small and medium industries will be put through hardships that could even bankrupt them. It is amply clear now that the epidemic was never going to be contained. At most, its spread has been perhaps slowed by the lock down imposed in China, India and local as well as global government efforts to identify infected people and anyone they might have been in contact with. With the outbreak showing no signs of abating, the corona virus disruption is set to continue. In any case, pursuing a pro-active approach in connection with the handling of the economic consequences of the coronavirus epidemic will be the better choice. Ramit Mehta is an Advocate at Rajasthan High Court and Managing Partner of Mehta Chambers (www.mehtachambers.in)  Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Storylast_img read more

Terrifying video shows officers opening fire on woman as she attacks former therapist with a knife

first_imgOrange County District Attorney’s Office/Fullerton Police Department(FULLERTON, Calif.) — Newly released police body-camera footage from Fullerton, California, has captured the three minutes of sheer terror a panicked mental-health therapist experienced as she was being attacked with a knife by a former patient.On Thursday, the Orange County District Attorney’s Office announced that the officers who’d fatally shot the former patient — 46-year-old Katherine Ann Brazeau — acted lawfully and released its findings and body footage from the May 31, 2018 incident.Brazeau was killed by Fullerton police after she stabbed her former therapist and tried to barricade the two of them inside the therapist’s office.“They (the officers) were clearly saving a victim that had already been stabbed so we close our inquiry,” Orange County district attorney Todd Spitzer said Thursday during a news conference. “If they were to deploy into the room without using lethal force and the subject, Brazeau, had the knife, the officers would be subject to harm there.”Both officers — Sgt. Perry Thayer and Cpl. Steven Bailor — had opened fire on Brazeau with their service weapons, he said.Bailor is a 22-year veteran with the police department and Thayer has 14 years with the force, the district attorney’s office said.The licensed mental-health therapist, whom authorities identified in court documents as “Therapist Doe,” had been treating Brazeau for various illnesses, including “traumatic brain injury, borderline personality disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder and bipolar disorder,” the district attorney’s office said in a letter released Thursday.This treatment occurred between 2015 and 2018, when, at some point, the therapist decided she could no longer treat Brazeau. When she told Brazeau, the letter said, Brazeau “made comments about knowing where Therapist Doe lived and threatened to harm herself” if treatment was ended.On March 27, 2018, authorities said, the therapist got a temporary restraining order against Brazeau.“Brazeau repeatedly violated the restraining order by sending Therapist Doe emails and text messages,” the district attorney’s office said.In April, the therapist was granted a permanent restraining order. On May 31, around 7:30 a.m., Brazeau arrived to the therapist’s office building with a large hunting knife, Spitzer said.Surveillance video outside the office captured Brazeau carrying a knife as she walked toward the building’s entrance. According to the district attorney’s office, the therapist told Brazeau to leave her office, alerting her that she was violating a restraining order, and Brazeau locked the door.“Brazeau attacked Therapist Doe with the knife, stabbing her in the back, near her spine,” the district attorney’s office said.As Brazeau started destroying the therapist’s office, blocking the office door, the therapist was able to call 911. A patient who’d been waiting to be seen by the therapist also called 911, authorities said.“911, what’s your emergency?” the dispatcher can be heard saying.“I’ve been stabbed. Please! Please, help me! I’ve been stabbed!” the therapist can be heard screaming into the phone.“You can hear Ms. Brazeau ordering the therapist to hang up the phone and telling her ‘You’re not going to need it anymore’ and she says these words, which are eerie, ‘Because you’re going to be f–in dead.’ So she threatens the therapist. She’s stabbing the therapist,” the district attorney said at the news conference.Bodycam footage from Bailor and Thayer showed both men arriving and running to the building as other emergency vehicles approached the scene.“Fullerton police. Fullerton police. Anybody inside? Come out with your hands up,” the officers say before appearing to kick down the therapist’s office door.Bailor’s bodycam showed Brazeau standing over a person in a chair with her hand holding the knife and her arm poised to strike. The officers opened fire, shooting Brazeau.“Are you OK?” one of the officers can be heard asking the therapist after the shooting.Spitzer said the autopsy confirmed that Brazeau had been shot seven times.According to toxicology tests, she had several substances in her system including medications to treat panic and bipolar and manic behavior as well as marijuana, he said.The therapist survived the attack.Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.last_img read more

86-year-old New York woman dragged by purse snatcher on scooter

first_imgNYPD(NEW YORK) — A woman was dragged across a Manhattan sidewalk by a man on a motor scooter attempting to steal her bag, surveillance video shows.It happened on the Upper East Side at East 64th Street and 1st Avenue on Saturday, May 4.The suspect slowly approached the 86-year-old woman as she stood on the street corner. Once he was close enough, he grabbed the victim’s bag and sped away.The woman was dragged behind the scooter as she fought to hold on to her purse, though the driver was able to get away with it.The victim was taken to the hospital and treated for pain in her arm, WABC reported.A 55-year-old man in Harlem had his keys slapped out of his hands by a man in a scooter two days later, the report added.Police are asking for the public’s help in identifying the driver, and are offering a reward up to $2,500. Anyone with information is encouraged to call the tip line at 1-800-577-TIPS.Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.last_img read more